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Felony and Misdemeanor DUI

Being charged with a DUI in the state of Utah can be a little unnerving and it requires some experienced legal counsel if you choose to be represented. Utah has very firm penalties for DUI cases. You can be charged with a DUI in both state or district courts. Conviction rates are very high in this state. When you are charged it does not mean that you have been convicted. There are misdemeanor and felony charges for driving under the influence. The penalties for both are very different. Drunk driving defense

A good attorney will help you in your case to represent you and prove your innocence. They can also help limit or find the best outcome by working with the prosecutor before a plea or conviction is accepted. Your American Fork Criminal Defense Attorney or Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney is knowledgeable and can fight for your rights. Have a strong defense is your best bet when you are charged with a DUI. Dui attorney utah

In Utah the criminal code is set up to categorize different crimes into classes of felonies and misdemeanors. The greater offense would be a felony and they carry heavy sentences and sometimes will have longer jail or prison sentences than a misdemeanor. The courts consider history and impact or injury in each case. The severity or the crime will determine which class the DUI will call into. The more severe the injuries the greater the chance for a felony DUI. Dui attorney utah

There are certain criteria that can change a misdemeanor DUI to a felony by a process called upgrading. This includes prior offense. After (3) DUI offenses a misdemeanor DUI may become a felony. Victims of your DUI dying from injuries sustained in the accident or any history of death by vehicle including homicide. A conviction history becomes a key player in your case. The more DUI offenses you have the more likely your current charges are to be upgraded or enhanced. Salt lake city dui attorney

Some of the penalties for a felony could include jail from 2 months to 5 years in prison. Fines from $2700-$9000, treatment program participation, probation and loss of driving privileges. Dui attorney utah

Felony and Misdemeanor DUI

Misdemeanor DUI charges involve cases where there were not as severe circumstances. They can include some very serious consequences. The laws are specific on repeat offenders. It is imperative to avoid conviction on and DUI.  There is a sentencing hearing that is for less serious criminal offenses. These sentences include jail time. As little as 48 hours and some times up to 10 days on your second offense. The maximum jail sentence is often 6 months in the county jail. All DUI sentences will include some type of fine and most likely a suspension to the driving privileges. Best criminal defense attorneyBest criminal defense lawyer

The first time could have a suspension from 120 days to two years and after your second offense your license could be suspended for up to two years. Fines range from approximately $1400-$1900 and sometimes include additional fines and fees. Probation may be a term of your sentence and first offenders can get lessened probation. Repeat offenders may be placed on supervised probation. Utah criminal defense attorney

Prime for Life classes have been tested to help assist and reduce the chances of repeat offenders. Utah imposes screenings for drug and alcohol. This may be in combination with classes for drug and alcohol abuse. Convicted offenders are required in Utah to attend the classes in an effort to limit the risk of repeating DUI behaviors. Utah attorneys

American Fork Criminal Defense Lawyer Ogden Criminal Defense Lawyer Salt Lake City Criminal Defense Lawyer at Stevens and Gailey are here to help you through your DUI.  Call us today for your Free Consultation.

If you have been accused of DUI, Felony DUI, Metabolite DUI, First DUI, Driving While Impaired, Drivers License Violation, Driving on a Suspended Liscense, Third DUI, Multiple DUI, DUI Offense, felony charges, misdemeanor charges  in Utah, you may want to speak with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden, DUI Attorney Salt Lake, DUI Attorney Utah, DUI Attorney, DUI Attorney Utah County, DUI Attorney Ogden, DUI Lawyer Utah, Lawyer DUI Utah, Lawyer DUI Salt Lake, Lawyer DUI Ogden, Lawyer DUI American Fork. 

Theft In Utah

Theft Charges Utah

In Utah, the law reads:

A person commits theft if he obtains or exercises unauthorized control over the property of another with a purpose to deprive his thereof.

Click Here for : Utah Code Ann. § 76-6-404

Theft of property and services as provided in this chapter is punishable:

(a) as a second degree felony if the:

(i) value of the property or services is or exceeds $5,000;

property stolen is a firearm or an operable motor vehicle;

(iii) actor is armed with a dangerous weapon, as defined in Section 76-1-601, at the time of the theft; or(iv) property is stolen from the person of another;
(b) as a third degree felony if:(i) the value of the property or services is or exceeds $1,500 but is less than $5,000;(ii) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based and at least one of those convictions is for a class A misdemeanor:

(A) any theft, any robbery, or any burglary with intent to commit theft;

(B) any offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, Fraud; or

(C) any attempt to commit any offense under Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) or (B);

(iii) in a case not amounting to a second degree felony, the property taken is a stallion, mare, colt, gelding, cow, heifer, steer, ox, bull, calf, sheep, goat, mule, jack, jenny, swine, poultry, or a fur-bearing animal raised for commercial purposes; or

(iv)
(A) the value of property or services is or exceeds $500 but is less than $1,500;

(B) the theft occurs on a property where the offender has committed any theft within the past five years; and

(C) the offender has received written notice from the merchant prohibiting the offender from entering the property pursuant to Section 78B-3-108;

(v) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based and the value of the property stolen is or exceeds $500 but is less than $1,500; or

(vi) the actor has been previously convicted of a felony violation of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C);

(c) as a class A misdemeanor if:

(i) the value of the property stolen is or exceeds $500 but is less than $1,500;

(ii) (A) the value of property or services is less than $500;

(B) the theft occurs on a property where the offender has committed any theft within the past five years; and

(C) the offender has received written notice from the merchant prohibiting the offender from entering the property pursuant to Section 78B-3-108; or

(iii) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based; or

(d) as a class B misdemeanor if the value of the property stolen is less than $500 and the theft is not an offense under Subsection (1)(c).

(2) Any individual who violates Subsection 76-6-408(1) or Section 76-6-413, or commits theft of property described in Subsection 76-6-412(1)(b)(iii), is civilly liable for three times the amount of actual damages, if any sustained by the plaintiff, and for costs of suit and reasonable attorney fees.

In essence, Utah considers theft charges if you take something of another person, family member, business or the like. The act of keeping it, selling it or not returning it constitutes theft.

Further, there are other theft charges that may be assessed (Click on the link For Utah Code) which can include:

 

Penalties You May Be Facing

In all states there are criminal penalties codes. In Utah, just as in other states, there are penalties, fines and punishments set according and determined primarily by the value of what was stolen. Utah is unique in the respect that they also classify some of the theft cases by looking at what the actual property or item was that happened to be stolen or procured. In fact, in Utah you can be charged with a felony regardless of the value of the item due to the actual classification.

Utah Code: 76-6-412 States:

 

 

A law unique to Utah also includes the civil penalties. A shoplifter can be required to pay the shop owner. This could include:
What Penalties Can Be Assessed Civilly?

  • Paying for damages by being required to pay the retail price of items not returned in good condition to sell.
  • Penalized for the amount of the retail price cannot to exceed $1000
  • Court Imposed Penalty = $100-$500
  • Attorneys Fees= provided the owner had to file the court case to get their property or money back and incurred fees.

A lesser known part of Theft Charges is that minors who commit acts of shoplifting or theft can have repercussions on the minors parents. The responsibility for the parents of the minor can include:

  • Retail price of the item stolen
  • Court Determined =$50-$500

 Click Here to Read More : Utah Code Ann. § 78B-3-108

 

Civil Damages In Utah

There are civil damages in Utah that may be asked for or awarded. This means that the victim is actually able and entitled to three times the actual damage. If damages either physically or monetarily were taken, demonstrated or acted against a person it will be determined eligible for reimbursement of any and all damages sustained during the theft. It will also be eligible for the victim to ask for attorney fees and costs. Click on these links to read more about:

 

 

 

Prior Convictions And Their Effects On Future Cases

Utah Has a rule that if you have offended in the previous 10 years or been convicted on two separate cases of any theft, burglary with intent to defraud, rob or commit these acts it will become a third degree felony to commit another crime. Read Here: Utah Code

 

If you have been accused of  theft, shop lifting , retail theft , theft by deception , fraud , forgery  , car theft, insurance fraud, identity theft , identity fraud  in Utah, you may want to speak with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden

Identity Theft Utah

Identity Theft Utah

 

Every state has laws about Identity Theft. Utah is no exception. It is a crime to use the identification including the use of personal identifying information to commit crimes. There are two laws that discuss identity theft.

Identity Fraud

In Utah, anyone who steals or otherwise obtains another individuals information and then uses it while knowing it was not their own has in fact committed identity fraud. Identity fraud also includes the attempt or actual acquirement of goods, employments, credit, medical and many other things that can be done to create or obtain valuable items or status.

If we look at what personal identifying information is it may help you better protect it.

  • Name or Maiden Names
  • Employment
  • Mothers and Fathers Maiden Names
  • State Id and Drivers License Information
  • Birth Date
  • Photos
  • Profile information
  • Banking and Financial History
  • Social Security Cards

 

 

A third degree felony is possible if the goods or valuables and services are less then $5000. If it is over that amount or it causes injury called “bodily Injury” the crime of identity fraud is moved up to a second degree felony.

 (Utah Code Annotated section 76-6-1101)

 

 

Possession of Identification Documents Unlawfully

 

When a person obtains or otherwise possess someone elses identifying document while knowing that they were not given permission to do so or by helping another person to steal or obtain them for another person with the knowledge that it does not belong to and they do not have permission to have the documents it becomes a crime. This will be a Class A Misdemeanor

The law allows for the crime to become a third degree felony if the person is found to have more than one document.

This could include documents that are issued through the government such as a license plate or registration certificate. Any document that contain identifying information not belonging to the person who possesses them.

 (Utah Code Annotated section 76-6-1104)

Penalties

When these crimes are committed, the court will take into consideration the circumstances as well as the facts. An identity theft conviction in Utah may include both fines and jail or prison time. Below is a list of the maximum of what may be penalized under Utah Law. The court may or may not use the represented penalties at sentencing.

  • Fines- Usually done by assessing the value of goods and existence of bodily injury
    • Third-degree felony = fines of up to $5,000,
    • Second-degree felony = up to $10,000.
    • Class A = up to $2,500.
  • Prison/Jail – Determined by Classification of Crime
    • Third-degree = up to five years in prison
    • Second-degree =up to 15 years in prison.
    • Class A =up to one year in jail.
  • If the Court decides to order probation instead of prison, jail or in an additional condition this can be done of usually for one year. While on probation you must:
    • paying all fines
    • pay all court costs
    • pay restitution
    • not commit any more crimes
    • regularly reporting to a probation officer
    • maintaining or finding adequate employment.
    • Attending any programs or therapies as ordered
  • Restitution- Payment to Victim (s)
    • Payments compensate a victim this could be to cover the cost for their attorney’s fees, lost wages during and the crime and court process or other replacement costs
    • Compensate the time that it may take the victim’s credit score or credit rating to be restored
    •  Compensate the victim for any debts, liens, or other problems that may have required financial investment.

If you have been accused of  identity theft or identity fraud in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

 

Domestic Violence /Domestic Violence In The Presence Of A Child

 

Utah has a specific set of codes for cohabitant violence. A person who commits domestic violence or domestic violence in the presence of a child whether by committing actual physical harm or by threatening violence of physical harm against a current or previous cohabitant may be charged with the crime. Contact our Ogden Criminal Defense Lawyer today. We have the Best Lawyers Criminal Defense  Salt Lake City.

When looking at the Utah code, cohabitants means any spouse or former spouse you have or have had. Relationship partners that could appear as a married couple, living partners, relatives, relatives through marriage and/or people who have children together are all qualified for this criminal charge. To be criminally charged for a cohabitant crime, the perpetrator must be over 16 or be emancipated. Siblings who are minors and parent/child relationships are not considered cohabitants.

(Utah Code §§ 77-36-1, 78B-7-102.)

This code includes any crime violent in nature and may include violating a restraining order, harassment, stalking, assault and is domestic violence if it occurs between cohabitants. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden

Conviction of crimes of a domestic nature carry a enhancement penalty for any subsequent occurrences.

 (Utah Code §§ 77-36-1, 77-36-1.1.)

What Happens When You Are Arrested?

In Utah, a police officer has the authority under the law to use probable cause. That means the office must believe or have a reasonable belief that violence has occurred between the two cohabitants and constitutes domestic violence. The officer is bound to make an arrest even without a warrant or may issue a ticket or citation. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can give you an estimate of what may happen in your case. Ogden Criminal Defense is on your side.

This exception to a standard rule in Utah allows an officer to make an arrest without a warrant when conditions exist where a crime has been made in the officer’s presence or where a felony is believed to have occurred outside of the home. The officer in the case will usually believe that the victim is not safe and may be in danger due to the injury and especially when a weapon is used. If these special conditions exist, the officer must make an arrest and take the individual into custody. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case.

When arrested, certain conditions may be put in place until the judge in the case orders otherwise. Usually it will be a term of the arrest that you may not contact the person directly or indirectly while being held or if they are released it is standard that you cannot:

  • personally contact the victim
  • harass the victim, or
  • go to the victim’s residence.

If you fail to follow the terms you may be found in violation and may be subjected to monitoring by electronic means.

(Utah Code §§ 77-36-2.2, 77-36-2.5.)

If you have been accused of shoplifting in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law OgdenOgden Criminal defense is An experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives.

Shoplifting In Utah

 

 

Shoplifting, referred to as retail theft. This is a serious criminal violation under Utah law. There are criminal codes in the state of Utah for retail theft which include possible incarceration and fines as punishment. In addition, Utah law grants the victims of the crimes the right to sue the shoplifter as well in civil court for damages. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

Shoplifting in Utah

Shoplifting is commonly referred to as retail theft. This is characterized with these types of things: taking property  without compensating, varying price tag or names, and transferring products into a different package, box AND with the intention of depriving the seller of the retail cost ( Utah Code Ann. 1953 SS 76-6 -602 ).

In the State of Utah, a seller has the right to request that customers keep the items they wish to purchase in full view. Further, they can detain suspected shoplifters for a reasonable period of time. Criminal and civil penalties for shoplifting are described below.

Charge Classification Penalty
Theft of property less than $500 Class B Misdemeanor Jail term of up to six months and/or fines up to $1,000
Theft of property valued at $500 or more and less than $1,500 Class A misdemeanor Jail term of up to one year and/or fines up to $2,500
Theft of property valued at $1,500 or more and less than $5,000 Third degree felony Jail term of up to five years and/or fines up to $5,000
Theft with two prior related convictions in the previous 10 years Third degree felony Jail term of up to five years and/or fines up to $5,000
Theft of property valued at $5,000 or more Second degree felony Jail up to 15 years and/or fines up to  $10,000
Theft of a firearm Second degree felony Jail up to 15 years and/or fines up to  $10,000

 

Civil Liability

When an adult is charged as a shoplifter, they can be litigated by shop or store owners for the actual damages. This may be a penalty in the amount of the retail price which may be up to $1,000 or a penalty between $100 and $500, payments are sometimes accepted as long as they are reasonable. Attorney’s fees may be awarded as well. Parents of minor shoplifters are jointly and wholly responsible for the minor as well as. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced for payment of actual damages. If a penalty in the amount of the retail price (up to $500 ), a penalty between $50 and $500, Ogden criminal defense can ask for payments, and their fees are reasonable.

Diversion Programs and Plea Bargaining

Prosecutors can offer certain individuals accused of first-time or low-level offenses an alternative to prosecution via diversion curricula. If an accused individual completes the diversion planned requirements, who were able to include repayment, community service, or advise, the criminal charges is likely to be lowered. Diversion programs are typically available at the discretion of the prosecutor and field.

If a diversion planned is not feasible, the accused may be able to negotiate a plea bargain with the prosecutor. Plea negotiations often concern acquiring lesser attacks or abbreviated convicting in return for a guilty plea. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with a diversion.

Getting Legal Help

If you have been accused of shoplifting in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Ogden Criminal defense is An experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives.

 

 

 

DUI License Hearings

Now that an arrest has happened one may be unsure of what processes one will be facing in the near future. The next couple of months the most important information to remember is the timeline. DUI Defense Attorney American Fork and DUI Defense Attorney Ogden are experienced Utah DUI or Metabolite DUI Attorney’s. The best guess will ensure that the witnesses are generally the police, evidence and any other people in the vehicle. There will be evidence such as breath testing, blood testing and field sobriety testing. The tests will be submitted as evidence in both the Driver’s License Division Hearing and a separate criminal action.

The tests that may have happened include:

Standard Field Sobriety

 One Leg Stand

Clues for Intoxication include:

Hopping in place Raising arm

Swaying, Placing foot down.

Walk and Turn

Clues for intoxication include:

Stepping out of position, Starting too soon,

missing heel to toe, stepping off line,

raising arms, incorrect step counting

improper turn, stop walking during test.

Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus

Clues for intoxication include:

Lack of smooth pursuit-left and /or right eye.

Distinct sustained nystagmus at max left and/or right eye

Angle of onset prior to 45 degrees left and/or right eye.

Blood Chemical or body fluid test:: This also identifies the presence of illegal drugs or prescription drugs.

Breathalyzer BAC: Measures the exhale alcohol content which tells officers how much is in the bloodstream.

Most often there will be several pieces of evidence entered against an individual. This can include testimony from the officer, video tape of the arrest, video of the blood or other sampling, actual results and any other records including the police reports.

Drivers License Privileges

Drivers License Privileges are COMPLETELY SEPARATE from the criminal case. The DL Division may be suspended or revoked the license. If you want to keep your License you must contact the Drivers License division within ten days of the arrest in writing. This has to be done in writing.  Call an American Fork DUI Lawyer, Salt Lake City DUI Lawyer or Ogden DUI Lawyer

According to the State of Utah:

If you were ARRESTED for DUI, what happens next (some or all may apply):

  • Your driver license was confiscated by the arresting officer and replaced with a citation that serves as a temporary license that expires in 29 days;
  • Your vehicle was more than likely impounded
  • You should request a hearing within 10 days
  • You can seek legal counsel to represent you in your driver license hearing and also your court appearance.
  • Your privilege to drive may be withdrawn on the 30th day after the date of arrest.

SUSPENSION TIMES

  • Driver 21 or older at the time of arrest, the following suspension periods will be imposed for a first offense:
    • Per-Se arrest – 120 days
    • Refuse to submit to a chemical test – 18 months
  • Driver 21 or olderand has a second or subsequent arrests, the following suspension periods will be:
    • Per-Se arrest – 2 years
    • Refuse to submit to a chemical test – 36 months
  • Driver under the age of 21the suspension periods for drivers based on actions for a Per-Se arrest under UCA 53-3-223 or a Not-a-Drop arrest under UCA 53-3-231.  These actions are administrative in nature, and are not based on a criminal conviction of DUI, but the arrest report itself.
  • Suspension periods for DUI and metabolite court convictions will remain the same; however, the individual may petition the court for a shortening of the suspension period for a first offense for a violation of 41-6a-502 (DUI) or 41-6a-517 (metabolite) if certain conditions have been met.
  • Driver under age 21at the time of arrest and refuses to submit to a chemical test, the license will be revoked until the person is 21 years of age for a period of 2 years, whichever is longer, for a first offense, previously 18 months.  This change will apply only to arrests that occur on or after July 1, 2011.
  • Driver age 19 or 20at the time of arrest, the following suspension periods will be imposed for a first offense:
    • Not-a-Drop arrest – 6 month suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
    • Per-Se arrest – 6 month suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
  • Driver under the age of 19 at the time of arrest, the following suspension periods will be imposed for a first offense:
    • Not-a-Drop arrest – 1 year suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
    • Per-Se arrest – 2 year suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
    • Not-a-Drop or Per-Se arrest if committed prior to May 14, 2013 and the suspension or denial was based on the same occurrence upon which certain written verification’s received from the court are based – 6 month period

Effective April 1, 2014 the court can reduce the driver license suspension period for a second or subsequent minor alcohol consumption or possession suspension or minor in a bar suspension if the person certifies to the court that they have not consumed alcohol for a concurrent period of at least one year during the suspension period.  Must have a court order for reduction of the suspension.

An individual who has had their license suspended or denied for a Not-A-Drop Arrest (driving with a detectable amount of alcohol in the body) is required to obtain an assessment and recommendation for appropriate action from a substance abuse program in order to reinstate their driver license.

Dui in Utah is tricky and with some expertise from an American Fork Criminal Defense Attorney, Salt Lake DUI Attorney an Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney one will successfully navigate the charges faced. Contact Stevens Gailey Today.