Tag: Assault

Preventing Criminal Charges

Recently KSL released an article based on Utah Drivers. By avoiding these common mistakes you can stay out of court.

Memorial Day marks the beginning of the ‘100 Deadliest Days’ for travel on Utah roadways. This means from Memorial Day to Labor Day deadly crashes nearly double compared to the rest of the year. Making summer the deadliest time to drive in Utah. With 94 percent of all deadly crashes being caused by people making bad choices – learn from the below mistakes and don’t be one of them.

Here’s the list of all-too-common mistakes and what NOT to do while driving this summer:

Text / email / tweet / post / snap … while driving

And the distracted driver thinks he/she is driving like this:

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When in reality their driving looks more like this:

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And in all seriousness, last year distracted drivers killed 27 people and seriously injured 147. Multi-tasking is a myth, you’re either driving or you’re texting, but you can’t do both. Don’t be the idiot on the road this summer, choose to drive focused.

Not signaling a turn

Assuming other drivers will see you and understand your intentions, is never a good game plan. Turn signals are the original instant message of driving. Use them!

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Merging into a lane without bothering to see if anyone is already there, or without checking blind spots

This is especially dangerous if a motorcycle or bike happen to be in your blind spot. Always look twice before switching lanes or turning.

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Pulling over and stopping on the left side of the freeway near the fast lane

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Remember drivers, if you get clipped by a car going 70 mph it’s what we call a serious crash. The best place to pull over is off the freeway. But if you can’t make it that far, settle for the far right shoulder.

Getting out of a vehicle on a busy freeway

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If you get hit by a car on the freeway, as a pedestrian, your chances of survival are slim to none. So if you’re stalled on a busy freeway, stay in your vehicle buckled and call 911.

Driving drunk, buzzed, high or impaired in any way

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The choice to drink and then drive is selfish and deadly. Call an uber, get a cab, call a friend or sleep it off. AND make sure your friends do the same.

Paying more attention to the party in the car than what’s happening on the road

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Bet you didn’t know this: The two biggest distractions on Utah roads are cell phones and passengers. So stop distracting your driver.

Driving more asleep than awake

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Only a microsecond of sleep can spell disaster. If you’re tired, pull over or switch drivers.

Instead of missing the exit … you turn into a crazy person and cut everyone off

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Just don’t. If you can’t safely make the exit: take deep breaths and take the next exit. Being involved in a crash isn’t worth it.

Tailgating … tailgating … tailgating!

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Tailgating is bullying, no one likes a bully … don’t be a bully.

Speeding

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One of the key reasons so many crashes are deadly in summer is because drivers are more likely to speed. Why, you say? Well when roads are clear and dry, more drivers think “it’s okay” to disregard the speed limit. Speed limits were set for a reason.

Not wearing a seat belt

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Why is this still an issue? Buckle up or don’t drive. Seat belts save lives.

Don’t choose this:

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To learn more about what you can do to protect yourself and your family from a deadly crash this summer, visit http://ut.zerofatalities.com/100-deadliest-days/. Don’t let your summer memories end in tragedy. Drive smart. Drive safe. Make Zero Fatalities your goal.

SOURCE: KSL

If an arrest has happened one may be unsure of what processes one will be facing in the near future. The next couple of months the most important information to remember is the timeline. DUI Defense Attorney American Fork and DUI Defense Attorney Ogden are experienced Utah DUI or Metabolite DUI Attorney’s.

Drivers License Privileges are COMPLETELY SEPARATE from the criminal case. The DL Division may be suspended or revoked the license. If you want to keep your License you must contact the Drivers License division within ten days of the arrest in writing. This has to be done in writing.  Call an American Fork DUI Lawyer, Salt Lake City DUI Lawyer or Ogden DUI Lawyer

Dui in Utah is tricky and with some expertise from an American Fork Criminal Defense Attorney, Salt Lake DUI Attorney an Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney one will successfully navigate the charges faced. Contact Stevens Gailey Today.

Utah Domestic Violence Coalition advocates for two proposed bills

Fox 13 News Reports:

Source: Fox13 News SALT LAKE CITY — Survivors of domestic violence are sharing their stories and hoping Utah lawmakers will pass two bills to advocate for victims.

Sarah Larsen, a domestic abuse survivor, said it’s an issue that often doesn’t get the attention it deserves.

“I feel like there’s such a stigma, there’s so much shame that’s attached to it, it’s hidden and at times out here in Utah too it sometimes gets shoved under the rug a little bit,” she said. “People don’t want to see it’s going on in their community.”

Advocates and survivors are hoping to raise awareness on what the Utah Domestic Violence Coalition is calling an epidemic.

“Since the year 2000, at least 42 percent of all homicides in Utah have been domestic violence related, so we’re really here just to get awareness out,” said Cly’ta Berg, Chair of the Utah Domestic Violence Coalition.

Larsen said victims of domestic abuse often conceal the signs.

“There’s such a fear that goes along with this, and so you’re able to cover it, and you hide it from your family members and from people who are close to you,” she said. “You just know how to hide it from them.”

Survivors are pushing for lawmakers to pass two bills.

One is a bill sponsored by House Minority Leader Brian King, D-Salt Lake City. His bill would restrict access to firearms for anyone convicted of domestic violence.

The second is a bill from Rep. Lowry Snow, R-St. George, that would make it so strangulation is included in the definition for the crime of aggravated assault. Utah is one of nine states without a strangulation law in effect.

“A police officer cannot physically hold the person, but if you are in a domestic partnership, they can strangle you,” Berg said. “So it’s against the law for a police officer, but a civilian you can.”

The Utah Domestic Violence Coalition is also asking for $939,000 from the state to expand the Lethality Assessment Program.

The program is protocol based. Victims answer a series of questions to show the severity of violence they are facing. It also gives officers standard training on how to refer victims to help.

“I think for those people who have loved ones who are in this situation: Don’t be so quick to judge,” Larsen advised. “I’ve had people say, ‘Just leave. Get out.’ But it’s not that easy.”

Support is available 24/7 in Utah for those dealing with domestic violence. Visit the Utah Domestic Violence Coalition online or call 1-800-897-5465 for resources and assistance. In an emergency, dial 911.

 

Source: Fox13 News

 

If you have been accused of protective order violation in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

Domestic Violence On The Rise

Domestic Violence is on the rise in Utah. If you have been charged with this crime or are a victim and seeking assistance for a protective order it is important to understand how common these charges have become. Below is a link to ABC 4 video report on the awareness and domestic violence trends.
According to ABC 4 News-
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (ABC 4 UTAH) – All month, the nation celebrates Domestic Violence Awareness month, but here locally, that celebration is short-lived.  Over the last ten years, 30% of homicides nationwide are because of domestic violence.  Utah is much higher at 42%.
“The last time he almost killed me in front of my daughter,” said Deanna Walker from Private Violence.
Domestic violence does happen, usually to women and kids.  A Sundance film called “Private Violence” sparked national conversation.  In Utah, domestic violence happens more often compared to the national average.
 
“We have really high rates of domestic violence, really high rates of sexual assault, and exceptionally high rates of domestic violence homicide,” said Utah Domestic Violence Coalition Executive Director Jenn Oxborrow.
 
Last year, 20 Utah homicides connected to domestic violence.  So far this year, 30 domestic violence deaths.  We still have three more months to go.  
 
“I think there’s a lot of pressure on families to keep this private, work with their faith leaders, work with community partners to resolve it,” said Utah Domestic Violence Coalition Executive Director Jenn Oxborrow.
 
But Oxborrow says obviously that isn’t working.  She says getting police agencies and first responders asking the same eleven questions trained victim advocates ask possible domestic violence victims, is working.  Their answers can prompt police to connect them with services.
“Implementing this protocol, that in 30 other jurisdictions across the country, within five years, they’ve seen a downtrend in domestic violence homicides,” said Oxborrow.
As more agencies get the training necessary, Oxborrow hopes more victims can get help.  They’ll break through the cultural acceptance of a private, family problem to a serious life-threatening criminal offense.
Changing that stigma on the court-level is the premise of “Private Violence.”
That’s why Oxborrow and other advocates ask the governor and the legislature to change laws, implement harsher penalties, and provide funding for services.
 
You can watch a screening of “Private Violence” Monday night at the West Valley City Police Department.
For a complete list of all the screening opportunities across the state, click here.
Source: ABC 4 News
If you have been accused of protective order violation in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

Protective Orders Explained

Many people misunderstand that not all orders to stay away are the same. There are several different types of orders that require different penalties and conditions. There are No Contact Orders, Protective Order, Criminal No Contact Orders, Civil Stalking Injunctions and Restraining Orders.

Protective Orders

A Protective Order

Order is a court order that has specific requirements for behavior and is generally ordered in cohabitant situations. It in essence “protects” one of the people who feels like the other may harm them. The order specifically places conditions for no contact and to stay away from the other person. There are different kinds of protective orders.

Protective orders can be filed and enforceable as soon as the Request is served upon the other person. Upon service a court date is set for 14 days later and at that time a Permanent order may be entered. While waiting for the hearing you cannot directly or indirectly contact the victim. A Petition for Protective Order is a request that is filed during or after criminal case has concluded or outside of a criminal intervention. Meaning you do not have to file charges against the accused to be granted the order.  This may be part of a divorce proceeding or if the victim opts not to pursue criminal charges but needs the protection of an order from a cohabitant. Once granted it is entered into the state database and will appear as a flagged name or address on all databases for gun registries, background checks and when the police are called to an address or if you are pulled over.

Common Terms for these order may include child custody or supervised visitation arrangements as well as:

  • prohibiting the respondent from committing domestic violence or abuse
  • prohibiting the respondent from contacting the petitioner
  • excluding the respondent from petitioner’s residence, school, or workplace, or any other place
  • prohibiting the respondent from possessing a weapon
  • permitting the petitioner to use a vehicle or other personal property
  • granting the petitioner temporary custody of any children
  • appointing a guardian ad litem to represent the interests of any children, and
  • granting any other relief necessary for the safety and welfare of petitioner or another person.

Violating these laws will result in criminal charges.

(Utah Code §§ 78B-7-102, 78B-7-103, 78B-7-106, 78B-7-107.)

 

No Contact Order/Criminal No Contact/ Pretrial No Contact Order

No Contact Orders are granted when a person is arrested for assault, rape or domestic violence cases and are active while a criminal case is pending.  This usually is ordered if you are arrested and may remain effective through the entire time a criminal case is being prosecuted, during trial and through sentencing. At sentencing the order may be changed to a long term Protective order (cohabitant) or Criminal No Contact Order (non-cohabitant).  It could also be changed to a Civil Stalking Injunction as well depending on circumstance and protection requested by the victim. Once granted it is entered into the state database and will appear as a flagged name or address on all databases for gun registries, background checks and when the police are called to an address or if you are pulled over.

Whenever a defendant is charged with domestic violence, the court may issue a pre-trial protective order:

  • prohibiting the defendant from committing or threatening acts of domestic violence
  • prohibiting the defendant from contacting or communicating with the victim
  • excluding the respondent from petitioner’s residence, school, or workplace, or any other place, and
  • granting any other relief necessary for the safety and welfare of petitioner or another person.

The order remains in effect until the defendant’s trial. It is a crime to violate a pre-trial protective order.

(Utah Code § 77-36-2.7.)

 

Civil Stalking Injunction

A Civil Stalking Injunction is a Long Term Criminally Punishable order.  This is used in cases where there is not a cohabitation clause. Much like the Protective Order this is an option if there is no current criminal case. It is also an option if the victim and the alleged abuser are not cohabitants.  This is similar to a protective order as far as penalties and processes go as well. However, it is held to a high standard because there should be no reason for contact between the victim and alleged abuser because they do not share anything in common such as children or assets. In some cases this is used for business relationships that have gone downhill. This is usually used in cases where there was no relationship between two parties. A Civil Stalking Injunction can be used for roommates, neighbors, co-workers, stalking cases, harassment cases and other circumstances. Further, it does not require a criminal case just like a protective order. It requires 3 eminent danger or documented threats/medical reports or police reports as well.  This injunction is criminally punishable and enforceable through the police department. If violated, you can be arrested immediately. Once granted, it is entered into the state database and will appear as a flagged name or address on all databases for gun registries, background checks and when the police are called to an address or if you are pulled over.

Civil Restraining Order

Civil Restraining Orders are a long term order that is usually contained within an already existing order like a divorce or civil suit.  These do not carry any criminal penalties. A civil restraining order is often written into civil settlement agreements. To enforce a restraining order the petitioner would have to have a civil hearing to determine sanctions. Oftentimes, this is an order that is used for a “good will” or mutual order to agree not to bother someone else. It carries no immediate penalties and cannot be criminally punishable. Further, it cannot be enforced by police so it is often a frustration to many who misunderstand the order and mistake it for a protective order. However, courts will order a restraining order when the harm is not eminent but only in a civil case that already exists or was brought as part of another civil action. Sometimes it is a condition of probation in criminal cases but does not carry any penalties on its own. This is usually to alleviate the victim by provide some standard of behavior between the parties that is acceptable. It is not enforceable by the police and is only punishable through sanctions unless it is a condition of probation or parole but only until the sentence has commenced. This may be changed to a stronger order like a civil stalking injunction or protective order if it is violated multiple times and there is probable cause that criminal behavior has occurred during the violation that results in physical harm or breaks a law in regard to contact between two parties. For instance, a woman may have a restraining order issued in her divorce that bars her from contacting her ex-husbands new wife and harassing her with multiple calls daily. If her calls reach the level of communications harassment, she makes a threat of physical harm or behaviors constitute stalking the police may charge her with any of those crimes and a criminal no contact order may be issued during the case. However, it will not be considered a violation of the restraining order unless the victims husband requests a sanction hearing or order to show cause in the divorce case for violating the order. Further, restraining orders are not kept on the police data system to alert the police to specific people or addresses as believed to be dangerous or in need of protection and therefore are not placed on a higher status for response in emergency phone calls to 911 like the civil stalking injunction or the protective order.  This order limits the ability for police to respond unless the victim has a copy of the paperwork on hand and even at that unless a criminally applicable law has been broken or there is eminent danger they may not intervene and will refer you to the civil courts to handle the violation through the divorce or the restraining order case directly.

Sentencing

If you are convicted of violating an order or you contact a victim before being released after arrest you could be charged with another crime of a third degree felony or a class A or B misdemeanor and anywhere from six months to 5 years in prison as well as a $0-$5000 fine. Subsequent violations could earn enhancements on the following scale:

  • a class B misdemeanor, then it is punishable as a class A misdemeanor by up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $2,500, or
  • a class A misdemeanor, then it is punishable as a third degree felony, punishable by a prison term of up to five years and a fine of up to $5,000.

(Utah Code §§ 76-3-203, 76-3-204, 76-3-301, 76-5-108, 77-36-1.1, 77-36-2.5, 77-36-2.7, 78B-7-106.)

 

If you have been accused of protective order violation in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

 

Domestic Violence /Domestic Violence In The Presence Of A Child

 

Utah has a specific set of codes for cohabitant violence. A person who commits domestic violence or domestic violence in the presence of a child whether by committing actual physical harm or by threatening violence of physical harm against a current or previous cohabitant may be charged with the crime. Contact our Ogden Criminal Defense Lawyer today. We have the Best Lawyers Criminal Defense  Salt Lake City.

When looking at the Utah code, cohabitants means any spouse or former spouse you have or have had. Relationship partners that could appear as a married couple, living partners, relatives, relatives through marriage and/or people who have children together are all qualified for this criminal charge. To be criminally charged for a cohabitant crime, the perpetrator must be over 16 or be emancipated. Siblings who are minors and parent/child relationships are not considered cohabitants.

(Utah Code §§ 77-36-1, 78B-7-102.)

This code includes any crime violent in nature and may include violating a restraining order, harassment, stalking, assault and is domestic violence if it occurs between cohabitants. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden

Conviction of crimes of a domestic nature carry a enhancement penalty for any subsequent occurrences.

 (Utah Code §§ 77-36-1, 77-36-1.1.)

What Happens When You Are Arrested?

In Utah, a police officer has the authority under the law to use probable cause. That means the office must believe or have a reasonable belief that violence has occurred between the two cohabitants and constitutes domestic violence. The officer is bound to make an arrest even without a warrant or may issue a ticket or citation. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can give you an estimate of what may happen in your case. Ogden Criminal Defense is on your side.

This exception to a standard rule in Utah allows an officer to make an arrest without a warrant when conditions exist where a crime has been made in the officer’s presence or where a felony is believed to have occurred outside of the home. The officer in the case will usually believe that the victim is not safe and may be in danger due to the injury and especially when a weapon is used. If these special conditions exist, the officer must make an arrest and take the individual into custody. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case.

When arrested, certain conditions may be put in place until the judge in the case orders otherwise. Usually it will be a term of the arrest that you may not contact the person directly or indirectly while being held or if they are released it is standard that you cannot:

  • personally contact the victim
  • harass the victim, or
  • go to the victim’s residence.

If you fail to follow the terms you may be found in violation and may be subjected to monitoring by electronic means.

(Utah Code §§ 77-36-2.2, 77-36-2.5.)

If you have been accused of shoplifting in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law OgdenOgden Criminal defense is An experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives.

Shoplifting In Utah

 

 

Shoplifting, referred to as retail theft. This is a serious criminal violation under Utah law. There are criminal codes in the state of Utah for retail theft which include possible incarceration and fines as punishment. In addition, Utah law grants the victims of the crimes the right to sue the shoplifter as well in civil court for damages. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

Shoplifting in Utah

Shoplifting is commonly referred to as retail theft. This is characterized with these types of things: taking property  without compensating, varying price tag or names, and transferring products into a different package, box AND with the intention of depriving the seller of the retail cost ( Utah Code Ann. 1953 SS 76-6 -602 ).

In the State of Utah, a seller has the right to request that customers keep the items they wish to purchase in full view. Further, they can detain suspected shoplifters for a reasonable period of time. Criminal and civil penalties for shoplifting are described below.

Charge Classification Penalty
Theft of property less than $500 Class B Misdemeanor Jail term of up to six months and/or fines up to $1,000
Theft of property valued at $500 or more and less than $1,500 Class A misdemeanor Jail term of up to one year and/or fines up to $2,500
Theft of property valued at $1,500 or more and less than $5,000 Third degree felony Jail term of up to five years and/or fines up to $5,000
Theft with two prior related convictions in the previous 10 years Third degree felony Jail term of up to five years and/or fines up to $5,000
Theft of property valued at $5,000 or more Second degree felony Jail up to 15 years and/or fines up to  $10,000
Theft of a firearm Second degree felony Jail up to 15 years and/or fines up to  $10,000

 

Civil Liability

When an adult is charged as a shoplifter, they can be litigated by shop or store owners for the actual damages. This may be a penalty in the amount of the retail price which may be up to $1,000 or a penalty between $100 and $500, payments are sometimes accepted as long as they are reasonable. Attorney’s fees may be awarded as well. Parents of minor shoplifters are jointly and wholly responsible for the minor as well as. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced for payment of actual damages. If a penalty in the amount of the retail price (up to $500 ), a penalty between $50 and $500, Ogden criminal defense can ask for payments, and their fees are reasonable.

Diversion Programs and Plea Bargaining

Prosecutors can offer certain individuals accused of first-time or low-level offenses an alternative to prosecution via diversion curricula. If an accused individual completes the diversion planned requirements, who were able to include repayment, community service, or advise, the criminal charges is likely to be lowered. Diversion programs are typically available at the discretion of the prosecutor and field.

If a diversion planned is not feasible, the accused may be able to negotiate a plea bargain with the prosecutor. Plea negotiations often concern acquiring lesser attacks or abbreviated convicting in return for a guilty plea. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with a diversion.

Getting Legal Help

If you have been accused of shoplifting in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Ogden Criminal defense is An experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives.