Category: Uncategorized

Preventing Criminal Charges

Recently KSL released an article based on Utah Drivers. By avoiding these common mistakes you can stay out of court.

Memorial Day marks the beginning of the ‘100 Deadliest Days’ for travel on Utah roadways. This means from Memorial Day to Labor Day deadly crashes nearly double compared to the rest of the year. Making summer the deadliest time to drive in Utah. With 94 percent of all deadly crashes being caused by people making bad choices – learn from the below mistakes and don’t be one of them.

Here’s the list of all-too-common mistakes and what NOT to do while driving this summer:

Text / email / tweet / post / snap … while driving

And the distracted driver thinks he/she is driving like this:

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When in reality their driving looks more like this:

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And in all seriousness, last year distracted drivers killed 27 people and seriously injured 147. Multi-tasking is a myth, you’re either driving or you’re texting, but you can’t do both. Don’t be the idiot on the road this summer, choose to drive focused.

Not signaling a turn

Assuming other drivers will see you and understand your intentions, is never a good game plan. Turn signals are the original instant message of driving. Use them!

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Merging into a lane without bothering to see if anyone is already there, or without checking blind spots

This is especially dangerous if a motorcycle or bike happen to be in your blind spot. Always look twice before switching lanes or turning.

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Pulling over and stopping on the left side of the freeway near the fast lane

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Remember drivers, if you get clipped by a car going 70 mph it’s what we call a serious crash. The best place to pull over is off the freeway. But if you can’t make it that far, settle for the far right shoulder.

Getting out of a vehicle on a busy freeway

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If you get hit by a car on the freeway, as a pedestrian, your chances of survival are slim to none. So if you’re stalled on a busy freeway, stay in your vehicle buckled and call 911.

Driving drunk, buzzed, high or impaired in any way

via GIPHY

The choice to drink and then drive is selfish and deadly. Call an uber, get a cab, call a friend or sleep it off. AND make sure your friends do the same.

Paying more attention to the party in the car than what’s happening on the road

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Bet you didn’t know this: The two biggest distractions on Utah roads are cell phones and passengers. So stop distracting your driver.

Driving more asleep than awake

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Only a microsecond of sleep can spell disaster. If you’re tired, pull over or switch drivers.

Instead of missing the exit … you turn into a crazy person and cut everyone off

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Just don’t. If you can’t safely make the exit: take deep breaths and take the next exit. Being involved in a crash isn’t worth it.

Tailgating … tailgating … tailgating!

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Tailgating is bullying, no one likes a bully … don’t be a bully.

Speeding

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One of the key reasons so many crashes are deadly in summer is because drivers are more likely to speed. Why, you say? Well when roads are clear and dry, more drivers think “it’s okay” to disregard the speed limit. Speed limits were set for a reason.

Not wearing a seat belt

via GIPHY

Why is this still an issue? Buckle up or don’t drive. Seat belts save lives.

Don’t choose this:

via GIPHY

To learn more about what you can do to protect yourself and your family from a deadly crash this summer, visit http://ut.zerofatalities.com/100-deadliest-days/. Don’t let your summer memories end in tragedy. Drive smart. Drive safe. Make Zero Fatalities your goal.

SOURCE: KSL

If an arrest has happened one may be unsure of what processes one will be facing in the near future. The next couple of months the most important information to remember is the timeline. DUI Defense Attorney American Fork and DUI Defense Attorney Ogden are experienced Utah DUI or Metabolite DUI Attorney’s.

Drivers License Privileges are COMPLETELY SEPARATE from the criminal case. The DL Division may be suspended or revoked the license. If you want to keep your License you must contact the Drivers License division within ten days of the arrest in writing. This has to be done in writing.  Call an American Fork DUI Lawyer, Salt Lake City DUI Lawyer or Ogden DUI Lawyer

Dui in Utah is tricky and with some expertise from an American Fork Criminal Defense Attorney, Salt Lake DUI Attorney an Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney one will successfully navigate the charges faced. Contact Stevens Gailey Today.

Utah Domestic Violence Coalition advocates for two proposed bills

Fox 13 News Reports:

Source: Fox13 News SALT LAKE CITY — Survivors of domestic violence are sharing their stories and hoping Utah lawmakers will pass two bills to advocate for victims.

Sarah Larsen, a domestic abuse survivor, said it’s an issue that often doesn’t get the attention it deserves.

“I feel like there’s such a stigma, there’s so much shame that’s attached to it, it’s hidden and at times out here in Utah too it sometimes gets shoved under the rug a little bit,” she said. “People don’t want to see it’s going on in their community.”

Advocates and survivors are hoping to raise awareness on what the Utah Domestic Violence Coalition is calling an epidemic.

“Since the year 2000, at least 42 percent of all homicides in Utah have been domestic violence related, so we’re really here just to get awareness out,” said Cly’ta Berg, Chair of the Utah Domestic Violence Coalition.

Larsen said victims of domestic abuse often conceal the signs.

“There’s such a fear that goes along with this, and so you’re able to cover it, and you hide it from your family members and from people who are close to you,” she said. “You just know how to hide it from them.”

Survivors are pushing for lawmakers to pass two bills.

One is a bill sponsored by House Minority Leader Brian King, D-Salt Lake City. His bill would restrict access to firearms for anyone convicted of domestic violence.

The second is a bill from Rep. Lowry Snow, R-St. George, that would make it so strangulation is included in the definition for the crime of aggravated assault. Utah is one of nine states without a strangulation law in effect.

“A police officer cannot physically hold the person, but if you are in a domestic partnership, they can strangle you,” Berg said. “So it’s against the law for a police officer, but a civilian you can.”

The Utah Domestic Violence Coalition is also asking for $939,000 from the state to expand the Lethality Assessment Program.

The program is protocol based. Victims answer a series of questions to show the severity of violence they are facing. It also gives officers standard training on how to refer victims to help.

“I think for those people who have loved ones who are in this situation: Don’t be so quick to judge,” Larsen advised. “I’ve had people say, ‘Just leave. Get out.’ But it’s not that easy.”

Support is available 24/7 in Utah for those dealing with domestic violence. Visit the Utah Domestic Violence Coalition online or call 1-800-897-5465 for resources and assistance. In an emergency, dial 911.

 

Source: Fox13 News

 

If you have been accused of protective order violation in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

Theft In Utah

Theft Charges Utah

In Utah, the law reads:

A person commits theft if he obtains or exercises unauthorized control over the property of another with a purpose to deprive his thereof.

Click Here for : Utah Code Ann. § 76-6-404

Theft of property and services as provided in this chapter is punishable:

(a) as a second degree felony if the:

(i) value of the property or services is or exceeds $5,000;

property stolen is a firearm or an operable motor vehicle;

(iii) actor is armed with a dangerous weapon, as defined in Section 76-1-601, at the time of the theft; or(iv) property is stolen from the person of another;
(b) as a third degree felony if:(i) the value of the property or services is or exceeds $1,500 but is less than $5,000;(ii) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based and at least one of those convictions is for a class A misdemeanor:

(A) any theft, any robbery, or any burglary with intent to commit theft;

(B) any offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, Fraud; or

(C) any attempt to commit any offense under Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) or (B);

(iii) in a case not amounting to a second degree felony, the property taken is a stallion, mare, colt, gelding, cow, heifer, steer, ox, bull, calf, sheep, goat, mule, jack, jenny, swine, poultry, or a fur-bearing animal raised for commercial purposes; or

(iv)
(A) the value of property or services is or exceeds $500 but is less than $1,500;

(B) the theft occurs on a property where the offender has committed any theft within the past five years; and

(C) the offender has received written notice from the merchant prohibiting the offender from entering the property pursuant to Section 78B-3-108;

(v) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based and the value of the property stolen is or exceeds $500 but is less than $1,500; or

(vi) the actor has been previously convicted of a felony violation of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C);

(c) as a class A misdemeanor if:

(i) the value of the property stolen is or exceeds $500 but is less than $1,500;

(ii) (A) the value of property or services is less than $500;

(B) the theft occurs on a property where the offender has committed any theft within the past five years; and

(C) the offender has received written notice from the merchant prohibiting the offender from entering the property pursuant to Section 78B-3-108; or

(iii) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in Subsections (1)(b)(ii)(A) through (1)(b)(ii)(C), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based; or

(d) as a class B misdemeanor if the value of the property stolen is less than $500 and the theft is not an offense under Subsection (1)(c).

(2) Any individual who violates Subsection 76-6-408(1) or Section 76-6-413, or commits theft of property described in Subsection 76-6-412(1)(b)(iii), is civilly liable for three times the amount of actual damages, if any sustained by the plaintiff, and for costs of suit and reasonable attorney fees.

In essence, Utah considers theft charges if you take something of another person, family member, business or the like. The act of keeping it, selling it or not returning it constitutes theft.

Further, there are other theft charges that may be assessed (Click on the link For Utah Code) which can include:

 

Penalties You May Be Facing

In all states there are criminal penalties codes. In Utah, just as in other states, there are penalties, fines and punishments set according and determined primarily by the value of what was stolen. Utah is unique in the respect that they also classify some of the theft cases by looking at what the actual property or item was that happened to be stolen or procured. In fact, in Utah you can be charged with a felony regardless of the value of the item due to the actual classification.

Utah Code: 76-6-412 States:

 

 

A law unique to Utah also includes the civil penalties. A shoplifter can be required to pay the shop owner. This could include:
What Penalties Can Be Assessed Civilly?

  • Paying for damages by being required to pay the retail price of items not returned in good condition to sell.
  • Penalized for the amount of the retail price cannot to exceed $1000
  • Court Imposed Penalty = $100-$500
  • Attorneys Fees= provided the owner had to file the court case to get their property or money back and incurred fees.

A lesser known part of Theft Charges is that minors who commit acts of shoplifting or theft can have repercussions on the minors parents. The responsibility for the parents of the minor can include:

  • Retail price of the item stolen
  • Court Determined =$50-$500

 Click Here to Read More : Utah Code Ann. § 78B-3-108

 

Civil Damages In Utah

There are civil damages in Utah that may be asked for or awarded. This means that the victim is actually able and entitled to three times the actual damage. If damages either physically or monetarily were taken, demonstrated or acted against a person it will be determined eligible for reimbursement of any and all damages sustained during the theft. It will also be eligible for the victim to ask for attorney fees and costs. Click on these links to read more about:

 

 

 

Prior Convictions And Their Effects On Future Cases

Utah Has a rule that if you have offended in the previous 10 years or been convicted on two separate cases of any theft, burglary with intent to defraud, rob or commit these acts it will become a third degree felony to commit another crime. Read Here: Utah Code

 

If you have been accused of  theft, shop lifting , retail theft , theft by deception , fraud , forgery  , car theft, insurance fraud, identity theft , identity fraud  in Utah, you may want to speak with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Further, Ogden Criminal defense is an experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with your case. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced with a Protective order violation. Ogden Criminal Defense is here to help. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden

Shoplifting In Utah

 

 

Shoplifting, referred to as retail theft. This is a serious criminal violation under Utah law. There are criminal codes in the state of Utah for retail theft which include possible incarceration and fines as punishment. In addition, Utah law grants the victims of the crimes the right to sue the shoplifter as well in civil court for damages. Ogden Criminal Lawyer, Vince Stevens can help. HD Gailey lawyers in American Fork are the best criminal defense attorneys Ogden.

Shoplifting in Utah

Shoplifting is commonly referred to as retail theft. This is characterized with these types of things: taking property  without compensating, varying price tag or names, and transferring products into a different package, box AND with the intention of depriving the seller of the retail cost ( Utah Code Ann. 1953 SS 76-6 -602 ).

In the State of Utah, a seller has the right to request that customers keep the items they wish to purchase in full view. Further, they can detain suspected shoplifters for a reasonable period of time. Criminal and civil penalties for shoplifting are described below.

Charge Classification Penalty
Theft of property less than $500 Class B Misdemeanor Jail term of up to six months and/or fines up to $1,000
Theft of property valued at $500 or more and less than $1,500 Class A misdemeanor Jail term of up to one year and/or fines up to $2,500
Theft of property valued at $1,500 or more and less than $5,000 Third degree felony Jail term of up to five years and/or fines up to $5,000
Theft with two prior related convictions in the previous 10 years Third degree felony Jail term of up to five years and/or fines up to $5,000
Theft of property valued at $5,000 or more Second degree felony Jail up to 15 years and/or fines up to  $10,000
Theft of a firearm Second degree felony Jail up to 15 years and/or fines up to  $10,000

 

Civil Liability

When an adult is charged as a shoplifter, they can be litigated by shop or store owners for the actual damages. This may be a penalty in the amount of the retail price which may be up to $1,000 or a penalty between $100 and $500, payments are sometimes accepted as long as they are reasonable. Attorney’s fees may be awarded as well. Parents of minor shoplifters are jointly and wholly responsible for the minor as well as. The best criminal defense attorney in Lehi or Ogden criminal defense attorney Stevens can help if you are faced for payment of actual damages. If a penalty in the amount of the retail price (up to $500 ), a penalty between $50 and $500, Ogden criminal defense can ask for payments, and their fees are reasonable.

Diversion Programs and Plea Bargaining

Prosecutors can offer certain individuals accused of first-time or low-level offenses an alternative to prosecution via diversion curricula. If an accused individual completes the diversion planned requirements, who were able to include repayment, community service, or advise, the criminal charges is likely to be lowered. Diversion programs are typically available at the discretion of the prosecutor and field.

If a diversion planned is not feasible, the accused may be able to negotiate a plea bargain with the prosecutor. Plea negotiations often concern acquiring lesser attacks or abbreviated convicting in return for a guilty plea. The best criminal defense attorneys in Ogden or best criminal defense attorney in Lehi can help with a diversion.

Getting Legal Help

If you have been accused of shoplifting in Utah, you should strongly consider speaking with criminal attorneys Ogden  about criminal law Ogden. Ogden Criminal defense is An experienced Criminal Defense Attorneys in Provo Utah can assist you in understanding all of your alternatives.

 

 

 

DUI License Hearings

Now that an arrest has happened one may be unsure of what processes one will be facing in the near future. The next couple of months the most important information to remember is the timeline. DUI Defense Attorney American Fork and DUI Defense Attorney Ogden are experienced Utah DUI or Metabolite DUI Attorney’s. The best guess will ensure that the witnesses are generally the police, evidence and any other people in the vehicle. There will be evidence such as breath testing, blood testing and field sobriety testing. The tests will be submitted as evidence in both the Driver’s License Division Hearing and a separate criminal action.

The tests that may have happened include:

Standard Field Sobriety

 One Leg Stand

Clues for Intoxication include:

Hopping in place Raising arm

Swaying, Placing foot down.

Walk and Turn

Clues for intoxication include:

Stepping out of position, Starting too soon,

missing heel to toe, stepping off line,

raising arms, incorrect step counting

improper turn, stop walking during test.

Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus

Clues for intoxication include:

Lack of smooth pursuit-left and /or right eye.

Distinct sustained nystagmus at max left and/or right eye

Angle of onset prior to 45 degrees left and/or right eye.

Blood Chemical or body fluid test:: This also identifies the presence of illegal drugs or prescription drugs.

Breathalyzer BAC: Measures the exhale alcohol content which tells officers how much is in the bloodstream.

Most often there will be several pieces of evidence entered against an individual. This can include testimony from the officer, video tape of the arrest, video of the blood or other sampling, actual results and any other records including the police reports.

Drivers License Privileges

Drivers License Privileges are COMPLETELY SEPARATE from the criminal case. The DL Division may be suspended or revoked the license. If you want to keep your License you must contact the Drivers License division within ten days of the arrest in writing. This has to be done in writing.  Call an American Fork DUI Lawyer, Salt Lake City DUI Lawyer or Ogden DUI Lawyer

According to the State of Utah:

If you were ARRESTED for DUI, what happens next (some or all may apply):

  • Your driver license was confiscated by the arresting officer and replaced with a citation that serves as a temporary license that expires in 29 days;
  • Your vehicle was more than likely impounded
  • You should request a hearing within 10 days
  • You can seek legal counsel to represent you in your driver license hearing and also your court appearance.
  • Your privilege to drive may be withdrawn on the 30th day after the date of arrest.

SUSPENSION TIMES

  • Driver 21 or older at the time of arrest, the following suspension periods will be imposed for a first offense:
    • Per-Se arrest – 120 days
    • Refuse to submit to a chemical test – 18 months
  • Driver 21 or olderand has a second or subsequent arrests, the following suspension periods will be:
    • Per-Se arrest – 2 years
    • Refuse to submit to a chemical test – 36 months
  • Driver under the age of 21the suspension periods for drivers based on actions for a Per-Se arrest under UCA 53-3-223 or a Not-a-Drop arrest under UCA 53-3-231.  These actions are administrative in nature, and are not based on a criminal conviction of DUI, but the arrest report itself.
  • Suspension periods for DUI and metabolite court convictions will remain the same; however, the individual may petition the court for a shortening of the suspension period for a first offense for a violation of 41-6a-502 (DUI) or 41-6a-517 (metabolite) if certain conditions have been met.
  • Driver under age 21at the time of arrest and refuses to submit to a chemical test, the license will be revoked until the person is 21 years of age for a period of 2 years, whichever is longer, for a first offense, previously 18 months.  This change will apply only to arrests that occur on or after July 1, 2011.
  • Driver age 19 or 20at the time of arrest, the following suspension periods will be imposed for a first offense:
    • Not-a-Drop arrest – 6 month suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
    • Per-Se arrest – 6 month suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
  • Driver under the age of 19 at the time of arrest, the following suspension periods will be imposed for a first offense:
    • Not-a-Drop arrest – 1 year suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
    • Per-Se arrest – 2 year suspension effective 30 days from arrest date
    • Not-a-Drop or Per-Se arrest if committed prior to May 14, 2013 and the suspension or denial was based on the same occurrence upon which certain written verification’s received from the court are based – 6 month period

Effective April 1, 2014 the court can reduce the driver license suspension period for a second or subsequent minor alcohol consumption or possession suspension or minor in a bar suspension if the person certifies to the court that they have not consumed alcohol for a concurrent period of at least one year during the suspension period.  Must have a court order for reduction of the suspension.

An individual who has had their license suspended or denied for a Not-A-Drop Arrest (driving with a detectable amount of alcohol in the body) is required to obtain an assessment and recommendation for appropriate action from a substance abuse program in order to reinstate their driver license.

Dui in Utah is tricky and with some expertise from an American Fork Criminal Defense Attorney, Salt Lake DUI Attorney an Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney one will successfully navigate the charges faced. Contact Stevens Gailey Today.

 

 

 

How Do I Communicate With My Attorney

The first step in hiring a lawyer is explaining why you need a lawyer or an American Fork Criminal Defense Attorney or an Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney. The importance of communicating effectively and clearly is a priority.

Let us start with why communication is the most important part.

The Attorney client relationship will work better when both of you are able to talk about the facts of the case, your opinions and your motives honestly. This will form a better working relationship between the two of you. You have to trust that your lawyer understands you and is willing to tell your side of the story.

When you are sharing information it should smoothly flow both way with you and the lawyer. It is a two way street so your lawyer should fulfill your need for all of the information just as you should give your American Fork Criminal Defense Lawyer all the information they are asking for. If the Ogden Criminal Defense Lawyer needs to have information the best thing to do is to provide them with ALL of the evidence they are asking for. If your attorney doesn’t have all of the correct information and you provide incomplete facts it will affect their ability to give you good advice about your case. Incorrect facts and incomplete statement may be more damaging then to no evidence at all.

When you meet  with your lawyer make sure you understand the advice fully that they are giving you. If you are having trouble understanding or you can’t commit to the advice talk to your Ogden Divorce Attorney about. After all that is why you hired an American Fork Divorce Attorney. It is important to understand the terminology and the consequences of a decision like a settlement proposal or a plea agreement. Always ask why. A good American Fork Criminal Defense Lawyer will provide for time to really talk about your concerns until you understand fully. Remember this is your life, family and career. Ask your Ogden Criminal Defense Lawyer as many questions as you need to.

Personal History

Your criminal defense attorney Ogden or Divorce attorney american fork  might also ask you to provide a small summary which can include any marriages you have had previously and might want an accounting of your finances. When the children are discussed as part of the case more likely than not you will need to have those financial statements prepared and ready for your Ogden Divorce Attorney.  It is wise to also keep a journal of events when dealing in a civil matter including a divorce case. You will want to talk about your feelings and how you feel about your daily life. Hold nothing back.

Stay Updated and Update Your Counsel

During a stressful criminal case or even a divorce matter Your American Fork Criminal Defense lawyer or your Ogden Criminal Defense Attorney may be contacting you. Most cases will go through periods of little to no communication at different points through the case. , Make sure you let yourAmerican Fork Divorce lawyer know if anything substantial changes will want to let you know. Keep in touch with your Ogden Divorce Lawyer and let them know if your address changes or you are leaving for an extended time.

It is important to remember that your attorney will have more than once clent and that they do spend considerable time in court. Its unreasonable to expect that they will alway be there when you call and available to discuss your case. Sometimes an email is a better form of communication and it can be addressed when the attorney has time to dedicate to your case. The staff should respond and let you know that they recieved the call or email and will get back to you shortly. Always remember that a courteous client makes for a happy lawyer.

The opposite is true as well. Make sure you are returning the documents and communications in a timely manner.

Talking Finances

The attorney will ask you for all of you financial information especially in a divorce, bankruptcy or even a criminal case. Most times they will request that you to fill out information. When providing financial information remember to include all of the money coming and and going out of your home. This includes all income sources, anything you own (assets), bank statements, bills, etc.  Sometimes an attorney will want to review other documents that may take time to gather. Examples: tax returns, pay history stubs and employment history, bank ledgers for your savings and investments, employee benefit statements (cafeteria plans, Christmas savings plans), and other documents regarding the debts you currently owe. It is important to be timely and get this information for review to your lawyer so that they can properly prepare for the case.